How is electricity made and how it reaches to our homes?
For a moment, imagine the absence of electricity, what would we do? The common guess is we would not be able to do much. Look around you and try to find something that does not require electricity to work – it will be really hard to find one.
Imagine now that you have no electricity. Let’s try to get the electricity out of our lives. The water we drink will not be in the bottles, the device you are using to read this article won’t work and there will be no option but to sit at your home spend evenings in candlelight. Our phones that we use to communicate with others will not work; our TV will not work, days will become boring.
Would you like to have such a life?
Maybe you would not mind if this was 150 years ago but right now it would be unacceptable to many of us.
Let’s take a look at where and how electricity is made that has irreplaceable effect in our lives.
The process of making electricity is basically the same method that was used in the early 1880s when it was first produced. Power plants are used to create electricity and these plants require a source of energy to turn into electricity. There are several types of fuel sources that electricity can be generated from: coal and gas were the first ones and are still being used to this day whereas water and wind have only been used on large scales in the recent decades.
One of the biggest power plants in New South Wales is Bayswater Power Station which provides some of Sydney’s electricity. Electricians in Sydney would possess detailed information about the power plants in the state if you were curious enough to ask them.
Water plants work together with dams that are built to store huge amounts of water. The water is then driven through enormous pipes with the built up pressure and turns colossal turbines halfway before hitting the river. Those spinning turbines are connected to a generator which makes the electricity.
Wind-powered plants work based on the same logic; the wind turns the turbines ending up with the generator making the final product.
Water and wind are also considered renewable energy sources because unlike coal and gas, they are replenished naturally over time. On top of being renewable, making electricity from water and wind is also very environment-friendly.
Now that we have some understanding on how electricity is made we can start to wonder about how it gets to us – millions of people.
After it is produced, electricity needs a shift in voltage. There are things called transformers to make this happen and once it is done too, electric lines are the path for electricity to reach every town. This is where electricians get into play, connecting individual houses to the local power plant and making sure everything is set correctly and safely.
Every step of making the electricity and getting it to your houses costs money and that is why your wires are going through a metal box that tells the amount of electricity your house is using. This way the government or the private company who is providing you with electricity can charge you accordingly.
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